Project Description

De-Energised Testing Options

De-Energised Testing using Motor Circuit Analysis

Motor Circuit Analysis (MCA) is a De-Energised Test method and the test can be initiated from the Motor Control Center (MCC) or directly at the motor. The advantage to testing from the MCC is the entire motor system, including the connections and cables between the test point and the motor, is evaluated.

ALL-TEST PRO MCA instruments apply a low voltage, non-destructive AC signal through the motor windings and measure the response to these signals. Winding faults are indicated by variances in the response to the applied signal through the windings. These variances cause unbalances in the measured response to the applied signal. Therefore, when testing 3-phase equipment such as motors, generators, or transformers the response of each phase is compared to the other two. When testing single phase devices or DC motors then the winding is compared to itself or compared to a like single phase device or a like DC motor.

ALL-TEST PRO MCA test instruments measure the phase angle (Fi), the current/frequency response (I/F), the impedance (Z) and depending upon the instrument, the resistance (R) and the inductance (L) of each winding. The unbalances of these measurements are compared and simple rules are used to determine the condition of the device under test. Moreover, each instrument will perform an insulation to ground test.

Computer software can be used to analyse the condition of the device under test and provide the user with a written report. Results can also be trended for identifying long term motor faults. I.e. used for Condition Based Maintenance or Predictive Maintenance purposes.

Additional investigation and analysis techniques are available to more thoroughly identify any of these variances in the winding so faults can be quickly and easily identified. These faults can be corrected or removed prior to energising the winding preventing potential total destruction of the motor or other winding system.

For evaluation of the windings, whether a fault is developing between turns in a single coil, coils in the same phase, or coils across phases, the unbalance(s) between phases for the phase angle (Fi) and current/frequency response (I/F) measurements are evaluated.

The insulation to ground test is used to evaluate for conductor to ground issues.

Phase resistance is evaluated looking for connection issues, inductance is evaluated for possible rotor problems, and impedance and inductance matching are used to detect contamination or over-heating of the windings.

The De-Energised Test takes only a few minutes and if testing from the MCC, the connections, cables and the motor are evaluated.

De-Energised Testing using Motor Circuit Analysis

Meg-ohm Meter Insulation testing will only detect faults to ground. Since only about 17% of motor electrical winding failures begin as ground faults, these faults will go undetected using this method alone.

Surge testing requires the application of high voltages and while appropriate for testing new coils it can be destructive when testing a winding (or motor) where the condition of the insulation system is unknown. This aspect, combined with the size of surge testing equipment and the need for external power to operate the instrument makes it inappropriate for troubleshooting and predictive maintenance testing.

Resistance and inductance-only (RCL) test methods don’t provide enough information for reliable fault detection and troubleshooting. ALL-TEST PRO® instruments are your best choice for fault detection and troubleshooting.

Successful Applications using MCA

  • AC/DC Motors
  • Generators/Alternators
  • Machine Tool Motors
  • Servo Motors
  • AC/DC Traction Motors
  • Control Transformers
  • Transmission & Distribution Transformers (Virtually Any Size)
  • For Commissioning Testing
  • For Troubleshooting
  • For Reliability Testing